So let’s have some fun. The below graph is from an article regarding “special admission” students to major colleges and universities for collegiate sports (and specially college football) compared to the overall student body population. Notice the University of Georgia (UGA): 94 percent of football players are “special admission” students.
|Such scholars are these predominately Black “special admission” athletes!|
Those numbers come from 1999-2000, so you have to wonder how high those numbers are now. The graph entitled Black Athletes Racialized Experiences is from a Black professor at the UGA (Billy Hawkins) book The New Plantation: Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominately White NCAA Institutions. He wrote the book to attack Predominately White Institutions (PWI) for using Black athlete-students unpaid labor (a college scholarship, room and board, and the opportunity to meet powerful alumni by representing a powerful brand – all major college teams in football are a “brand” to potential consumers – isn’t enough) to enrich their athletic departments.
What Mr. Watkins fails to admit is that the perceived need to utilize Black labor in college football is one that drives the market right now. Southeastern Conference (SEC) football programs didn’t fully integrate until 1972, meaning that for most of their history schools like Auburn, Alabama, Louisiana State, and UGA had no Black players.
Well, these schools now sport football programs that have largely flipped in their racial composition. Notice that 72 percent of UGA’s football program in 2007-2008 was Black, compared to only two percent of the undergraduates at UGA (well, Black males that is). UGA has historically had a low Black undergraduate problem; not because of discrimination, but because Black people lack the aptitude to get in to the school on their own merit.
If you are a prospective football player at UGA, don’t worry: you’ll get “special admission” status to attend the university. There, you can enroll in the academically challenging major known as Housing. A large percentage of Black football players are majored in Housing at UGA, in a practice commonly known as “clustering.” This has been done at Auburn – Black players were “clustered” in the sociology department – and many other schools, because the majority of Black athlete-students lack the acumen to excel at any meaningful academic discipline, save an outlier like Florida State’s celebrated Black Rhodes Scholar Myron Rolle.
Here’s more on “clustering”:
A talented football player heads to college with a dream to play professionally. He believes if he shows his best on the field, by the time he completes his NCAA eligibility, he will be drafted into the NFL. But the reality is that only 1.8 percent of college football players make it to the pros.
While the NCAA has put reforms in place to help ensure college athletes graduate and are as academically prepared for life as they are physically, two researchers question whether this goal is really being met, finding that college football players tend to take certain classes that do not benefit them in the long run. Meanwhile, other experts say the researchers’ work might not go far enough.
The NCAA uses a formula based on peer-group comparisons, called the Academic Progress Rate (APR), to measure academic success among scholarship student athletes.
“While the goal of the APR, to increase graduation rates of athletes, is admirable, the means utilized by schools to avoid loss of scholarship could prove to be dubious,” Jeffrey J. Fountain and Peter S. Finley wrote in “Academic Majors of Upperclassmen Football Players in the Atlantic Coast Conference: An Analysis of Academic Clustering Comparing White and Minority Players.”
“A couple of years ago, I just happened to be looking at the media guide for the University of Miami [football team] and noticed as I was going through it that every minority player I saw had liberal arts as his major,” says Fountain, an assistant professor of sports management at Nova Southeastern University in Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
“Of the 23 majors in liberal arts at the University of Miami, all of them were minority. Not a single white player,” Fountain says. “Some of these athletes are either selecting or being pushed toward something that doesn’t really have any value.”
Fountain and Finley reviewed the media guides for the football teams of 11 of the 12 schools in the Atlantic Coast Conference (the 12th school, Duke University, does not publish the majors of its football players). The study considered only upperclassmen who have declared majors.
Clustering, the researchers maintain, occurs when 25 percent or more of an athletic team shares a single academic major. What they found is that minority players were clustered into specific academic programs at greater rates than white players. At six of the schools, 75 percent or more of the minority players had one of two majors that varied from social science to liberal arts or business management.
So judging by the racial breakdown of the football programs in the Top 25 in 2007-2008, it should be glaringly obvious that Black athlete-students attending these PWIs owe their acceptance and potential to prosper to their football skills alone. Few Black males attending these schools, many only attending because of the pressured need for PWIs to increase their minority enrollment or face pressure from outside sources.
Though the Black enrollment at SEC schools is incredibly low, because of the high-profile role Black football players on these teams, Black lawmakers have pushed for greater representation on the Board of Trustees governing these schools:
Talking about race, politics or football can be a recipe for conflict. Talking about all three at the same time? That’s an engraved invitation to a duel, especially in South Carolina.It’s no surprise, therefore, that black lawmakers in South Carolina caused a stir recently when they contemplated using black football recruits to boycott the flagship university over diversity issues. Concerned that the University of South Carolina‘s 22-member Board of Trustees might lose its lone black member, the lawmakers discussed calling on Gamecock football prospects to reconsider their college choice. While it’s unclear how many, if any, recruits were ever contacted, the story alone has drawn attention to a diversity issue that concerns many.This is not the first time black lawmakers in the South have leaned on football recruits to apply political pressure, and the resurgence of the strategy again raises questions about the appropriateness of luring high school seniors into a racially charged debate.
Similar questions were raised in 2005, when lawmakers pressed Auburn University athletic prospects to go elsewhere in protest of the elimination of two positions held by black athletics officials. The administrators were dismissed as part of a reorganization that also included the promotions of two black officials and the removal of a white employee.
Billy Hawkins, a University of Georgia associate professor who has researched sports and race, said “the collegiate black athlete is viable leverage to consider when seeking socio-political change.” That said, politicians need to show a vested interest in these athletes’ futures beyond the field of play as well, Hawkins wrote in an e-mail.“I do not think that these lawmakers should merely try to employ the black athletic presence and power without getting involved in their plight at this predominantly white institution; in this case, the University of South Carolina,” wrote Hawkins, an associate professor of kinesiology. “If black lawmakers are only developing this relationship with black athletes for their political agenda, they are no different from the institutions that use them for economic gain.”The effectiveness of calls for boycotts is also in question. The protests at Auburn died off after a few weeks without the reinstatement of Stacy Danley and Eugene Harris, and both officials later landed jobs at historically black colleges. Danley is now athletic director at Tuskegee University and Harris is head men’s basketball coach at Florida A&M University.
After being recruited by more than 100 colleges, Walker attended the University of Georgia, where his legend went national. In 1980 Walker set the NCAA freshman rushing record with 1,616 yards, leading the Bulldogs to an undefeated season and a national championship. “Herschel Walker!” wrote Jim Minter, editor of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. “Thank God that magnificent young man is not cutting plywood in Johnson County. Thank God for [U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice] Earl Warren.”
Earl Warren desegregated the schools in Brown v. Board of Education back in 1954. UGA had winning teams, very successful teams, with only white players up until 1971 ( a year they went 11-1). Though Atlanta, Savannah, Macon, Augusta, and counties all around Metro Atlanta are now incredibly unsafe to raise families in (because of high rates of Black crime and poor schools filled with academically inept Black students) forcing white people – well, white developers – to build new cities out of the ground, white alumni of UGA have no problem cheering on the top Black recruits that call these Black Undertow cities home.
Funny: UGA and other SEC schools have no problem recruiting Black athletes (who will require “special admission” status) to represent their overwhelmingly white student bodies on the football field.
The UGA football program (and the entire SEC) has abandoned its history and coaches have decided the only way to win is by recruiting Black athletes. A 6-7 record last year with a team few UGA alumni or students would recognize forty years ago seems to run counter to those hopes.
Then again, not one SEC team boasts a lineup that is anywhere near representative of their alumni or current student body. It’s a game of our “special admission” Black students are better than your “special admission” Black students.
It’s embarrassing. You have to wonder what foreign students from Asia studying engineering, nuclear physics and other hard science disciplines are thinking as they go to pore over their books and homework at the library on Saturday, while tens of thousands of drunken whites tailgate and imbibe with malicious zeal before going to watch “special admission” Black students compete for their university.
Do you need “special admission” Black athletes to succeed? Glancing at the top 25 from 2007-2008 and the racial breakdown of the teams, you would think so. But you would also need to see the breakdown for EVERY team before you could come to that conclusion. How many programs have majority Black teams that also went 4-8, 3-9, 2-10, or 1-11?
Teams like Virginia Tech, Oregon, UGA, and Oklahoma should be ashamed of themselves for deeming it necessary to recruit borderline retards to compete for their respective universities.
In former Auburn University head football coach (and former UGA football player) Pat Dye’s book In the Arena is this key paragraph:
Another thing I found, I already knew: we live in an age, and it will probably last forever, where the black kids in this region make the difference in football. If there are 10 college prospects in Alabama, seven are gonna be black. (p. 135)
But why is this? Other programs are winning with white athletes. Boise State will bring 16 white starters to the Georgia Dome this Saturday to play the incredibly white University of Georgia and the primarily Black football team that represents them on the field.
Brigham Young, a school with less than 10 Black football players (and only.02 Black male student body) will bring 14-17 white starters to Oxford on Saturday to play a University of Mississippi that has given up its traditions (all related to the Old South) in the hopes of transforming into a Black powerhouse squad.
Last year’s 4-8 record with 20 Black starters was a great indicator of how well that is going.
What’s funny is that a white guy like Pat Dye would never get the chance to play for an SEC school (he played center for UGA back in the 1950s) unless he tried to walk-on or was a kicker or placekicker. How would have become a coach without that playing time and pedigree of a college athlete?
It’s fitting that book In the Arena was written by Pat Dye to answer many of the questions surrounding the Auburn football program after Black safety Eric Ramsey accused the coaches of racism toward Black athletes. The Ramsey situation would be featured on 60 minutes and Auburn would ultimately be penalized by the NCAA.
How many white athletes from the suburbs of Atlanta, Birmingham, Nashville, Charlotte, and other southern cities never get the same looks that Black athletes get? The same Black athletes that require “special admission” status just to get into schools like UGA, to represent a student body that has no desire to live anywhere near Black people upon graduation.
SEC schools like UGA, the University of Florida and the University of Tennessee have rosters in 2011 that look strikingly similar to the rosters of 1971, but with one noticeable change: all-white teams then are now near all-Black teams now.
This quote from Jeff Prugh’s The Hershel Walker Story sums up the situation for white players (like Jacob Hester, the former running back at LSU) at SEC schools now:
“I think you see a gradual feeling of being part of the community now that blacks didn’t feel ten years ago,” said [UGA head coach Vince Dooley, in 1981], “because sports have been the greatest thing that has helped integration in some small towns. It’s given both sides something to rally to, where both blacks and whites are on the same team. I think you are getting some blacks now who always wanted to play at UGA.”
To accommodate Black athletes (Bobby Bowden of FSU admitted this in his book here) southern schools went “full negro” in an all-out bid to distance themselves from their all-white pasts and embrace an all-Black future. The best white athletes in the south now play baseball, leaving football to “special admission” Black students that Steve Spurrier defends.
The best way to illustrate the “full negro” move is the 2007 UGA-Auburn football game, where the Black players (72 percent of the team, though only two percent of the student body and perhaps .0002 of the alumni base) convinced head coach Mark Richt to play the vile rap song “Superman” by Soulja Boy on the PA system at Sanford Stadium.
By going “full negro” at UGA, the PWI has embraced the lowest-common denominator culture from the Black community, and watching 82,000 white people dance like Black thugs (to an incredibly vile song that only Black people – cut from the same cloth of 2 Live Crew – could create) shows that white people will stoop at nothing to accommodate their “special admission” Black football represenatives.
Do you see now why college football is so important to write about? The worst behavior of Black people is tolerated and discipline -like that attempted by University of Wyoming coach Lloyd Eaton in 1969 toward the Black 14 – aimed at curtailing the worst character faults of Black athletes is impossible, lest that coach and school be accused of racism.
So SEC fans: have fun cheering for your “special admission” Black athletes come the 2011 season, especially when an overwhelmingly Black UGA team faces a refreshingly white (and highly ranked) Boise State team.
Or when “white boys” from BYU invade Oxford to play a university that has castrated itself in hopes of landing Black athletes, the University of Mississippi.
It should be obvious, after looking at these graphs, that the majority of Black athletes on the football fields of SEC, Big Ten, Pac-12, Big 12, ACC, and Big East schools have no business attending the universities and colleges they represent.
Especially at UGA:That the majority of these Black athlete-students are “clustered” in something called a Housing major (where students learn how to fill out applications for apartments) embarrasses no one at UGA. Thank God for Earl Warren, right? It should be noted that
Atlanta and every city and county with a majority Black population might be incredibly unsafe and potentially life threatening to a white person (or any race who travels into these war zones), but as long as Black athlete-students can recruited from these areas to represent UGA, Auburn, Alabama, Miami, Florida, Florida State or Tennessee on the football field, all is well.